Baden History

Baden – one of the best resorts in Austria. Is known from the time of Roman Empire under the name of Therme Pannoniki (lat. Thermae Pannonicae). Hot sulfur springs were used by the Romans (lat. Itinerarium Antonini). Now the bath “Roman Thermes” are open all year round. There are summer outdoor baths. Total fifteen baths in Baden, thirteen of which are warm, thanks to which the city got its name. The water temperature in warm baths is from 22 °C to 36 °C, and its key ingredient is calcium sulfate. Their sources, that are used primarily for swimming, mainly located at the foot of the mountain Kalvarienberg (German Calvarienberg, about 326 m), consisting of dolomitic limestone.

As mentioned, the glory of Baden dates back to the times of the Roman Empire, the traces of it’s occupation survived until now. The settlement is mentioned in the document 869 as Padun. It received town privileges in 1480. Although the city at different times was sacked by the Hungarians and Turks, it soon blossomed again. Several members of the Austrian imperial family made ​​Baden their summer residence and built beautiful villas, especially the first Emperor of Austria Franz I.

There are  Kursaal in Bade, the Parish Church in late Gothic style town hall, which contains archives. Here are the largest in central Europe, the casino, the largest in Austria rose garden and the Imperial Palace. Baden is surrounded by about 120 vineyards and it has about 70 wine restaurants – heurige.

In the city there are several parks, and it is surrounded by picturesque places, the most popular of which is the valley Helenental. Not far from Baden, it crossed by the aqueduct stretched Vienna culvert. At its entrance on the right bank of the river are the ruins of the castle Rauhenek (German Rauheneck) XII century. And at the base of the aqueduct is the Château Weilburg (Château Weilburg), built in the years 1820-1825 by Archduke Charles of Austria, the winner of the Battle of Aspern. The ruined castle Rauchenstein (German Rauhenstein), also dating from the XII-th century, is standing in front of the Château Weilburg, on the left bank of the river.  A hunting lodge, where in 1889 were found dead Austrian Crown Prince Rudolf and Baroness Maria von evenings, is about 6 km up the valley. Alland is even higher, whence the road leads to the old and well-preserved abbey of Heiligenkreuz. It consists of a church in the Romanesque style, dating from the XI century., With a beautiful monastery complex and the tombs of several members of the Babenberg family. The highest point in the vicinity of Baden is the peak of Mount Lindkogel Hoyer (German: Hoher Lindkogel, about 861 m), popularly called Eisernes Tor (iron gate), the walk up takes about three hours. Composer Ludwig van Beethoven stopped several times in Baden, and many of its residences you steel can see. Their address: Antonsgasse 4, Breitnerstrasse 26, Frauengasse 10, Johannesbadgasse 12, Kaiser Franz Ring 9, Rathausgasse 10 (museum) and Weilburgstrasse 13. Baden city theater was built in 1909 by Ferdinand Fellner, operetta dominates in repertoire  a tourist train was launched in Baden in November 2010. City Zug Baden travels through historic centre and to the nearby wine town Soos.

After the city was destroyed by fire in 1812, it was rapidly recovered in the Biedermeier style, designed by the architect Joseph Kornheyzelya. Therefore Baden sometimes called Bidermeyershtadtom. High Command of the Royal and Imperial troops Austrian Empire were placed in Baden temporarily In World War I (1914-1918). Baden was the headquarters of the Soviet forces after World War II, during the occupation of Austria by the Allies (1945-1955).

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